Lower Key Stage Two         

In Lower Key Stage Two science teaching is to enable pupils to broaden their scientific view of the world around them. They should do this through exploring, talking about, testing and developing ideas. Pupils use some scientific language, first, to talk about and, later, to write about what they have found out.


Working Scientifically

Throughout Year 3 and Year 4 pupils should be taught to use the following practical scientific methods, processes and skills;

  • Asking relevant questions
  • Setting up practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests
  • Making systematic and careful observations
  • Taking accurate measurements using standard units
  • Gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in different ways
  • Recording findings using simple scientific language (drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts and tables)
  • Reporting findings – oral and written
  • Using results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions and suggest improvements
  • Identify differences, similarities or changes
  • Use scientific evidence to answer questions


Below are the programmes of study that Year 3 and 4 are required to teach. 



  • Plants
  • Animals, including humans
  • Rocks
  • Light
  • Forces and magnets. 
  • Living things and their habitats
  • Animals, including humans
  • States of matter
  • Sound
  • Electricity